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Zakat

Fidya

Kaffarah

Fitra

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Zakat, Fidya, Kaffarah and Fitra Explained

What is Zakat?

“And establish prayer and give zakah, and whatever good you put forward for yourselves - you will find it with Allah. Indeed, Allah is All-Seer of what you do.”
Qur’an 2:110


Need help working out your ZAKAT? FIDYA? KAFFARAH? FITRA? Let iQra International help you. Give us a call on 020 7790 7744.

Zakat, or almsgiving, is one of the five pillars of Islam, along with prayer, fasting, pilgrimage and belief in Allah and His Messenger. For every sane, adult Muslim who owns wealth over a certain amount – known as the nisab, defined as the value of a particular weight of silver or gold – he or she must pay 2.5% of that wealth as zakat.
The word itself comes from the Arabic ‘to purify’, as in the Qur’an: “take from their wealth so that you might purify and sanctify them” (9:103). By recognising that one’s wealth is a gift from Allah and giving away a portion of it to others, a Muslim purifies the rest of his or her wealth from greed and miserliness. The verse given above from chapter 70 also highlights the concept that zakat is a right which the poor have over the wealthy; it is the duty of the wealthy to fulfil this responsibility to those who are less fortunate.

The Qur’an is clear about who may receive zakat: “alms are only for the poor and the needy, and those who collect them, and those whose hearts are to be reconciled, and to free captives and debtors, and for the cause of Allah, and for travellers” (9:60). Charities who collect and disburse zakat seek the advice of reputable Islamic scholars to ensure that they are spending zakat funds on projects which fulfil these conditions.


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In the time of leader ‘Umar ibn ‘Abdul ‘Aziz, it is said that the zakat distributors travelled far and wide, but were unable to find anybody poor enough in the region to receive the zakat. This shows the true power of zakat: if everyone paid, and the funds were used wisely to change the root causes of poverty, global hunger and destitution could be ended.

What is Fidya?
For fasts missed through reasons such as ill health or pregnancy, which cannot be made up afterwards, Fidya is payable. grimage and belief in Allah and His Messenger. For every sane, adult Muslim who owns wealth over a certain a

The current Fidya rate is £5 for each day that is missed. This should provide one person with two meals or two people with one meal.

What is Kaffarah?
If fasts are broken without a genuine reason and the compensatory two months of fasting is not possible, then Kaffarah is payable.

To make up for fasts broken in this way, a person must fast continuously for 60 days. If they are unable to do that, then they are required to feed 60 poor people at a rate of £5 per person (the cost of an average meal). This amounts to £300 Kaffarah for each fast that is missed.

What is Fitra?
'The Prophet (peace be upon him) declared the payment of Sadaqatul Fitr as obligatory as it purifies the fasting person from any indecent act or speech, and is a source of feeding the poor. (Sunan Abu Dawud)

Giving Sadaqatul Fitr (also referred to as Zakatul Fitr) on the day of Eid was a practice of the Messenger of Allah (peace be be upon him), and has been ordained for us all. Like Zakah, it establishes the bonds of unity between the rich and poor.

The current Fitra rate is £5 per person. Every person eligible to pay this amount must pay not only for himself but also for his dependants, such as his children.


Need help working out your ZAKAT? FIDYA? KAFFARAH? FITRA? Let iQra International help you. Give us a call on 020 7790 7744.

Narrated `Adi bin Hatim heard the Prophet (ﷺ) saying:
"Save yourself from Hell-fire even by giving half a date-fruit in charity."
Sahih al-Bukhari: Book 24, Hadith 498

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iQra was founded by some dedicated young British people with the aim of helping orphans, the disabled, disadvantaged women and some of the poorest people in the world.

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Registered in the UK as a charity in 1999, iQra focuses primarily on helping the poor and needy become self-reliant, and not dependent on handouts from donors.

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020 7790 7744
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